A cryptocurrency’s most provide is the whole variety of tokens that can ever be mined, and it’s normally outlined when the genesis block is created.
Bitcoin’s maximum supply is capped at 21 million, and though something is feasible, its strict protocol and code are constructed in order that no extra BTC can ever be mined. Different cryptocurrencies wouldn’t have a most provide however could have a cap on the variety of new cash that may be minted with a particular cadence, like within the case of Ether.
Stablecoins, alternatively, are inclined to hold the utmost provide fixed always to keep away from a provide shock that might have an effect on and fluctuate the worth an excessive amount of. Their stability is assured by collateral reserve property or algorithms created to regulate provide by the burning course of.
Algorithmically-backed coins are designed to keep up a steady worth, however they’ve drawbacks as they’re susceptible to de-pegging dangers. Additionally, non-algorithmic stablecoins like Tether could threat de-pegging, as occurred in June 2022, exhibiting that even cash that ought to present extra certainty could also be in danger.
The opposite two metrics — circulating and whole provide — additionally have an effect on a token’s worth, however to a lesser extent than the utmost provide. When a cryptocurrency hits most provide, no extra new cash can ever be created. When that occurs, two predominant outcomes are produced:
- The cryptocurrency turns into extra scarce and consequently, its worth could improve if demand exceeds provide;
- Miners need to depend on charges to get rewards for his or her contributions.
Within the case of Bitcoin, the whole provide will get reduce in half by a course of referred to as the halving, so it’s calculated that it’s going to attain its most provide of 21 million cash within the yr 2140. Though Bitcoin’s issuance will increase over time by mining and is due to this fact inflationary, block rewards are reduce in half each 4 years, making it a deflationary cryptocurrency.